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Because Cruz surpassed the 50% winner-take-all threshold, he won all 40 of Utah's delegates. On April 3, 2016, North Dakota elected a slate of delegates that was dominated by pro-Cruz delegates. Cruz received the support of the majority of the delegates. ; born December 22, 1970) is an American politician and attorney serving as the junior United States Senator for Texas since 2013. In 2016, Cruz ran for President of the United States, winning Republican contests in 12 states before withdrawing from the race. Along with Bob Menendez and Marco Rubio, Cruz is one of three current U. While at Princeton, he competed for the American Whig-Cliosophic Society's Debate Panel and won the top speaker award at both the 1992 U. National Debating Championship and the 1992 North American Debating Championship. He was the runner-up for the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. He was reelected to the Senate in 2018, defeating Democratic challenger Beto O'Rourke by a slim margin of 50.9% to 48.3% in the most expensive Senate race in U. Cruz's senior thesis at Princeton investigated the separation of powers; its title, Clipping the Wings of Angels, was inspired by a passage attributed to James Madison: "If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary." Cruz argued that the drafters of the Constitution intended to protect their constituents' rights, and that the last two items in the Bill of Rights offer an explicit stop against an all-powerful state. The office was established in 1999 to handle appeals involving the state, but Abbott hired Cruz with the idea that Cruz would take a "leadership role in the United States in articulating a vision of strict constructionism". Bush Administration, the petitioners argued that the United States had violated the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations by failing to notify the convicted nationals of their opportunity to receive legal aid from the Mexican consulate.
Hatch said Mc Connell did pledge to help Cantwell get a vote on the Ex-Im Bank.
Cruz is one of the Senate Republicans in favor of the "nuclear option", "to speed up consideration of President Trump's nominees".
Changing the Senate's rules to a simple majority vote would "ensure a quicker pace on Trump's court picks".
Cruz holds degrees from Princeton University and Harvard Law School. Senate seat being vacated by fellow Republican Kay Bailey Hutchison. In 1998, Cruz was briefly one of the attorneys who represented Representative John Boehner during his litigation against Representative Jim Mc Dermott over the alleged leak of an illegal recording of a phone conversation whose participants included Boehner. Bush presidential campaign in 1999 as a domestic policy adviser, advising then-Governor Bush on a wide range of policy and legal matters, including civil justice, criminal justice, constitutional law, immigration, and government reform. As Solicitor General, Cruz argued before the Supreme Court of the United States nine times, winning five cases and losing four. In 2004, Cruz was involved in the high-profile case surrounding a challenge to the constitutionality of public schools' requiring students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance (including the words "under God", legally a part of the Pledge since 1954), Elk Grove Unified School District v. Cruz served as lead counsel for the state and successfully defended the multiple litigation challenges to the 2003 Texas congressional redistricting plan in state and federal district courts and before the U. Supreme Court, which was decided 5–4 in his favor in League of United Latin American Citizens v. They based their case on a decision of the International Court of Justice in the Avena case, which ruled that by failing to allow access to the Mexican consulate, the US had breached its obligations under the Convention.
From 1999 to 2003, he held various government positions, serving as Director of the Office of Policy Planning at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), as an Associate Deputy Attorney General at the United States Department of Justice, and as a Domestic Policy Advisor to George W. Cruz served as Solicitor General of Texas from 2003 to 2008, having been appointed by Texas Attorney General and later Governor Greg Abbott. During the 2000 Florida presidential recounts, he assisted in assembling the Bush legal team, devising strategy, and drafting pleadings for filing with the Supreme Court of Florida and U. Cruz has said, "We ended up year after year arguing some of the biggest cases in the country. Supreme Court ruled that state laws banning homosexual sex were unconstitutional. Heller, Cruz drafted the amicus brief signed by the attorneys general of 31 states arguing that the Washington, D. handgun ban should be struck down as infringing upon the Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms. Because of Haley's previous criminal convictions, he was sentenced to 16-and-a-half years in prison under the Texas habitual offender law.