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The Statuto Albertino (the Albertino codex of laws) of 1271, compiled for Alberto della Scala (which contained some laws which dated back several years before), stated that two races were to be held in the first Sunday of Lent, a horse race and a running race.The Albertino codex of laws were then re-established by Cangrande I in 1328.Prior to its construction by the Romans during the second century B.C, the Etruscans used the area of the stadium of the Circus Maximus for horse racing.The celebratory foot race was obviously modeled on the horse race, using the same course, but would have been open to a wider populace.A later Italian footrace of around 1450 suggests that there were Many lusty active youths who often competed in foot races.
This suggests that the women too ran naked; if honest women were too modest, then less modest females were to be included!Such Etruscan games included races involving the goading of buffaloes, which suggests early bullfighting, and long hazardous races both on horseback and on foot through the city.Etruscan horses were usually the predominant favourites in the horse races in Ancient Greece.(In this period the Holy Roman Emperor and the Pope, the two major powers in Medieval Italy and Continental Europe, were in conflict and thus weakened.) Many of the cities had become self governing and had broken away from the Medieval feudal system.It is therefore no coincidence that the Palio del Drappo Verde foot race held in Verona celebrated the victory of the Verona City Republic over the Counts of San Bonifazio and the Montecchi family. (This difference in date could be attributed to 1207 being the date of the battle, and 1208 being the first actual footrace.) Prior to this first footrace, there was an annual horse race held, dating back to 1198, perhaps a decade earlier than the foot race.